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Path to Prevention
 
Path to Prevention:Recommendations for Reducing Chronic Disease in First Nations, Inuit and Métis

Cancer, diabetes, heart disease and respiratory diseases are increasing at an alarming rate among First Nations, Inuit and Métis populations. Path to Prevention— Recommendations for Reducing Chronic Disease in First Nations, Inuit and Métis provides the Government of Ontario with evidence-based policy recommendations to reduce exposure to the four key chronic disease risk factors in Aboriginal communities:

  • Commercial tobacco use
  • Alcohol consumption
  • inactivity
  • Unhealthy eating

Path to Prevention is also a key part of our third Aboriginal Cancer Strategy and a companion report to Taking Action to Prevent Chronic Disease: Recommendations for a Healthier Ontario


Key recommendations from the report

Commercial tobacco use

  • Develop and implement a coordinated plan to prevent commercial tobacco use among First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and youth
  • Establish commercial tobacco cessation programs and services in First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities
  • Support the development of resources to address second- and third-hand smoke
  • Support community-initiated and managed tobacco control measures while respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis rights

Alcohol consumption

  • Ensure that culturally acceptable and relevant alcohol prevention and treatment programs for First Nations, Inuit and Métis people are available
  • Broaden the impact of alcohol intervention strategies
  • Incorporate alcohol interventions into existing tobacco control initiatives (see Recommendation 2)

Physical activity

  • Work with First Nations, Inuit and Métis to create safe places for physical activity
  • Develop a strategy to promote equity in physical activity infrastructure for First Nations, Inuit and Métis
  • Address the socio-economic barriers to physical activity for First Nations, Inuit and Métis people
  • Build and disseminate a knowledge base around physical activity interventions in First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities

Healthy eating

  • Develop an Indigenous food and nutrition strategy
  • Reduce barriers that prevent access to healthy foods for First Nations, Inuit and Métis
  • Address environmental issues for Indigenous foods
  • Develop traditional food and nutrition skills

Equity

  • Develop a plan to address First Nations, Inuit and Métis health equity
  • Implement the plan to achieve First Nations, Inuit and Métis health equity goals
  • Implement a plan to achieve equity in access to primary care
  • Build First Nations, Inuit and Métis cultural competency and safety within government

Collaboration

  • Support an integrated, cross-sectoral and whole-of-government approach
  • Promote a coordinated approach to the delivery of First Nations, Inuit and Métis health promotion programming in communities
  • Establish a coordinated system for surveillance, research, measurement and evaluation

Policy recommendations were developed through extensive engagement with Indigenous communities, the Government of Ontario and non-government organizations. There was a process for validation by First Nations, Inuit and Métis to ensure the recommendations accurately reflected their communities’ priorities.

Although the emphasis is on policy actions for the Government of Ontario, implementation will involve the full participation of key stakeholders, including First Nations, Inuit and Métis partners and other organizations. Moving forward, we will create a collaborative structure that includes First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities and other key partners to develop, plan, implement and evaluate progress.

Contact Us

If you have any questions please email us at accu@cancercare.on.ca.

Last modified: Thu, Sep 22, 2016
cancer care ontario | action cancer ontario   620 University Avenue Toronto Ontario, Canada M5G 2L7   Phone: 416.971.9800 Fax: 416.971.6888

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